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Ketahui hak anda apabila berhadapan dengan pihak polis

Sebelum Perhimpunan BERSIH yang diadakan pada 10 November 2007 lalu, pihak penganjur telah menyebarkan perkara2 yang perlu dilakukan apabila berhadapan dengan pihak polis. Sebelum ni pun aku ada baca 2-3 artikel mengenai cara2 utk berhadapan dengan polis ni..

Disini aku selitkan sekali few article and of coz article tulisan Saari Sungip…

Oleh Saari Sungib

SALAM sejahtera kepada semua pendukung dan pejuang hak rakyat yang akan hadir ke Perhimpunan Rakyat Aman Bersih pada 10 November 2007, hari Sabtu, pukul 3:00 petang.

Ketua Polis Kuala Lumpur, Dato’ Zul Hasnan Najib Baharudin telah mengeluarkan amaran bahawa pihak polis akan bertindak terhadap mereka yang menghadiri perhimpunan tersebut.

Saya syorkan agar saudara-saudara tidak gentar dengan amaran tersebut. Ditangkap dan ditahan oleh polis tidak bererti saudara-saudara sudah bersalah. Dalam beberapa kes, polis telah dibuktikan oleh mahkamah sebagai pihak yang bersalah kerana membuat tangkapan secara tidak sah, berniat jahat dan bertindak semata-mata atas motif politik.

Kes bekas tahanan ISA, Abdul Malek Hussin baru-baru ini telah membuktikan bahawa Abdul Rahim Noor dan Borhan Daud bukan sahaja melakukan tangkapan tidak sah, tetapi juga telah dibuktikan oleh mahkamah telah mendera dan menyeksa Malek.

Sehingga permohonan rayuan mereka diterima oleh Mahkamah Rayuan, keputusan bertulis yang dikemukakan oleh Hakim Hishamudin Yunus adalah dianggap kukuh dan berwibawa.

Tahu dan hayati hak-hak anda

Sebagai rakyat Malaysia yang bakal turun bagi mempertahankan hak rakyat, saya harap kita sama-sama tahu dan hayati hak-hak kita.

Bila saudara berada di jalan raya atau di luar nanti, ingatlah bahawa:

* Polis memang boleh meminta seseorang itu untuk berhenti dan polis boleh bercakap dengan sesiapa sahaja. Walau bagaimanapun adalah menjadi hak saudara sama ada mahu menjawab, melayan dan bekerjasama dengan mereka atau tidak. Saya syorkan agar saudara tidak perlu layan mereka. Jangan gentar! Ini adalah hak saudara yang dilindungi oleh Perlembagaan dan undang-undang negara.

* Polis juga boleh cuba menyoal dan mendapatkan butiran tentang seseorang sekiranya orang itu telah melakukan kesalahan atau mengesyaki seseorang itu telah melakukan kesalahan. Sekali lagi, saudara tidak perlu menjawab soalan-soalan tersebut sehingga saudara mendapat bantuan daripada seorang peguam.

* Polis tidak boleh memeriksa badan, beg atau barang-barang yang saudara bawa semata-mata kerana saudara disangkakan oleh mereka akan menghadiri suatu perhimpunan.

* Polis boleh memeriksa kereta atau kenderaan yang saudara naiki, atau barang-barang yang saudara bawa, sekiranya mereka percaya pada saudara terdapat barang-barang yang dicuri, senjata atau dadah, peralatan yang digunakan untuk mencuri atau sebarang bukti bagi saudara untuk melakukan sesuatu kesalahan. Oleh itu saya ingatkan agar saudara tidak membawa barang-barang di atas dan teguhkan hati dan yakinkan diri saudara saudara bahawa polis tidak berhak memeriksa kenderaan, badan atau barang-barang saudara.

* Sebelum memeriksa saudara, polis mesti terlebih dahulu memberitahu siapa mereka dan dari balai polis mana mereka datang, kenapa mereka mahu memeriksa saudara dan memberitahu saudara bahawa saudara akan diberikan satu salinan rekod barang yang diperiksa oleh mereka. Jika mereka tidak menyatakan perkara-perkara ini, ingatkan mereka bahawa mereka sedang melakukan sesuatu yang melanggar undang-undang negara!

* Ketika polis memeriksa badan, kenderaan atau barang-barang saudara, jika ditanya untuk memberi penjelasan, saudara tidak perlu memberitahu butiran terperinci bagi soalan-soalan mereka. Bahkan, saya syorkan saudara tidak perlu memberi sebarang jawapan.

* Polis mesti menyerahkan kepada saudara satu salinan rekod barang-barang yang diperiksa ketika proses pemeriksaan sedang berlaku atau sebaik saja pemeriksaan selesai mereka jalankan. Kegagalan polis untuk menyerahkan salinan rekod ini bererti mereka bertindak melanggar undang-undang negara.

Ingat, selama ini dalam banyak perkara pihak polislah yang lebih kerap meminggirkan dan mengetepikan undang-undang negara daripada kita para aktivis dan pembela hak rakyat. Jangan takut!

Yang ni pulak versi mat saleh. Credit to: governmentdirt.com

10 Things to Remember When Confronted By The Police – Avoid the “Bro, Don’t Tase Me” Moment!

If you have a confrontation with the police – know your rights and know what you should or should not do to give them up. Just follow these 10 rules:

1. Don’t Talk.
Do not say a word to the officer. Just shut up! I cannot stress to you the importance of this rule. Do not talk! Do not attempt to convince the officer of your innocence. Everyone is innocent, no one should be arrested and no one should be in jail and that is all the officer hears all day every day. He / she does not care generally whether you are innocent or guilty and there is nothing that he / she can do at this point. Most times, when people speak to officers they say something that makes their situation far worse. Keep your mouth shut, there will be plenty of time to talk later.

2. Don’t Run.
I said above to listen to the officer and follow his / her instructions. Do not be scared and do not let the liquid courage, aka alcohol, convince you that you can outrun the twelve officers and helicopter that will track you down. Also, police become highly suspicious that someone running has a weapon and may be quick to draw their weapon. Additionally, when they do run you down expect much stronger force used to subdue a fleeing suspect.

3. Never Resist Arrest.
Perhaps the most important thing not to do is touch the police officer at all! Again, sober up quick and follow what the officer says. Many people attempt to bump the officer or swat an officers hands away. This often falls under the assault statutes and now a minor misdemeanor arrest becomes a FELONY. Thus a reckless driving charge leads to a year or more in state prison. Additionally, touching the officer in any way can lead to a baton in the mouth.

4. Don’t Believe the Police.
It is perfectly legal for the police to lie to get you to make an admission. The police frequently separate two friends and tell one the other one ratted him / her out. Because of the lie, the other friend now rats the first friend out. Police and detectives also state that “it will be easier” to talk now…LIES!!! DON’T BELIEVE THIS BS! It will only be easier for the police to prove their case!

5. No Searching.
Do not allow the police to search anywhere! If the police officer asks, they do not have the right to search and must have your consent. If you are asked make sure you proclaim to any witnesses that “You (the police) do not have consent to search.” If they perform the search anyway, that evidence may be thrown out later. Also, if you consent to a search, the officers may find something that you had no idea you had placed somewhere, ie: marijuana left by a friend. Remember, that denying the police consent to search DOES NOT give them the probable cause they would need to conduct a search.

6. Don’t Look At Places Where You Don’t Want Police to Search.
Police are trained to watch you and react to you. They know that you are nervous and scared and many people look to the areas that they don’t want the police to search. Do not react to the search and do not answer any questions. LOOK DOWN AND KEEP YOUR MOUTH SHUT!!!

7. Do Not Talk Shit to the Police.
I don’t care if you have been wrongly arrested and the true culprit is standing in front of you. Don’t talk shit! Police hear all day that my dad is the the Governor’s Assistant’s Intern and I will have your badge for this! Police have a lot of discretion in the upcoming charges brought. Police can add charges, change a misdemeanor to a felony, or even talk to the prosecutor that is ultimately prosecuting you.

8. If Police Come to Your Home, Do not Let Them In and Do Not Step Outside Your Home.
If the police are confident you have committed a felony, they are coming in anyway, because they generally don’t need an arrest warrant. Make it clear to the police by stating: “No you may not come in”, or “I am comfortable talking right here”, or “You need a search warrant to enter my home.” If they return, your attorney can arrange for you to turn yourself in should that be necessary and you will spend no time in jail between the hearings.

9. Outside Your Home Arrested, Do Not Accept Offer to Go In Your Home for Anything.
The officer may say to you, how about you go inside and change, freshen up, talk to your wife, husband, get a jacket, or any other reason. The police will graciously escort you in and then tear your home apart searching through it. Also, do not let them secure your car. Your car is fine. Remember they are lying to you. They don’t give a damn if you are really cold or if you need to talk to your wife or husband.

10. Don’t say a word.
It’s incredible how many people feel that they can convince the officer, the booking officer or a detective (if your case reaches that stature) that they are not guilty. YOUR CASE IS NOT DECIDED BY THESE PEOPLE. They have no affect on your records. Wait to speak to your lawyer! The courts give enormous weight to “confessions” during this stage. A suspect is almost NEVER released after being arrested.

Follow these ten simply rules religiously and many of your rights will remain intact. I don’t care how nervous, scared or drunk you are, THESE RULES ARE VERY IMPORTANT, and will help you tremendously in the short and long run. And remember – we are not your lawyer!

Keep this in your wallet – OR – Memorize it.

Keep this in your wallet

Yang ni pulak surat dari Suara Rakyat Malaysia yang dihantar kepada Ketua Polis Negara dan Ketua Polis Daerah Brickfield mengenai penahanan 380 individu pada sambutan tahun baru.

SUARA RAKYAT MALAYSIA
Address: 383, 1st Floor, Jalan 5/59, 46000 Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia.
Telephone: +6 03 7784 3525
Fax: +6 03 7784 3526
Email: suaram@suaram.org
Web: www.suaram.org

1hb. Januari 2006

Kepada,

1) Tan Sri Mohd Bakri Bin Hj. Omar
Ketua Polis Negara,
Ibupejabat Polis DiRaja Malaysia (PDRM)
Bukit Aman 50560 Kuala Lumpur

2) Tuan ACP Mohd Dzuraidi,
Ketua Polis Daerah Brickfields,
Kuala Lumpur

Tan Sri IGP dan Tuan KPD,

PENCABULAN HAK ASASI MANUSIA DAN SALAHGUNA KUASA POLIS
PENAHANAN BERAMAI-RAMAI TAHUN BARU DI PAUL’S PLACE DAN KAWASAN SEKITAR

Pihak kami ingin mengutarakan satu operasi polis yang dijalankan pada malam tahun baru – malam Ahad sekitar jam 11 malam di Paul’s Place dan kawasan berdekatan dengannya dimana lebihkurang 380 orang telah ditahan polis.

Kami telah mendapat pelbagai aduan daripada mangsa dan amat dukacita dengan tindakan polis dimana keadaan dan cara penahanan ini dibuat mengambarkan bahawa operasi ini telahpun dirancang sebelum (planned and calculated). Kesemua mereka yang ditahan telah dibawa ke Balai polis Brickfields.

Kami ingin mengutarakan beberapa isu yang pada pendapat kami telah mencabul hak asasi manusia dan merupakan salahguna kuasa polis.

1. Polis membuat penahanan secara sewenang-wenangnya tanpa alasan yang kukuh. Sebab penahanan tidak jelas dimana diberitahu antaranya bahawa ia adalah perhimpunan haram, tiada permit hiburan dan berpakaian tidak senonoh. Apabila pihak Timbalan KPD ditanya oleh Peguam, beliau tidak dapat memberikan sebab penahanan. Ini dengan sendiri melanggar prosedur kerana setiap oang yang ditahan perlu diberitahu alasan mengapa mereka ditahan. Kebanyakan mereka yang ditahan pula memberitahu bahawa mereka tidak diberitahu mengapa mereka ditahan semasa penahanan dibuat.

2. Jika sebab-sebab diatas adalah sebab penahanan polis, pihak kami tidak faham mengapa kesemua mereka yang ditahan harus menjalani ujian air kencing untuk mengenalpasti samada mereka telah mengambil dadah. Polis harus mempunyai sebab yang munasabah untuk membuat sebarang tangkapan dan dalam isu ini nampaknya polis mengambil polisi ‘ tangkap dulu, siasat kemudian’. Maka tindakan mengambil ujian air kencing nampaknya satu tindakan memancing tanpa mempunyai sebab kukuh. Tindakan ini mencabul hak kebebasan rakyat dalam satu sistem demokratik.

3. Kami juga difahamkan bahawa ramai orang yang berada di kawasan sekitar turut ditahan tanpa sebab yang tidak jelas. Ini dengan jelas mengatakan bahawa walaupun mereka tidak terlibat mengambil bahagian dalam ” perhimpunan haram” tetapi mereka turut ditahan polis. Kami diberitahu bahawa separuh daripada mereka yang ditahan diluar premis.

4. Kami juga diberitahu bahawa antara alasan penahanan adalah baju atau pakaian yang dipakai oleh mangsa tahanan kerana dikatakan tidak senonoh. Setiap seorang individu mempunyai hak untuk memakai sebarang pakaian kecuali pakaian tersebut mencabul hak orang lain, orang ramai atau melanggar sebarang undang-undang. Pihak polis tidak boleh sewenang-wenang menahan orang awam berdasarkan lobi pihak-pihak tertentu yang tidak suka dengan pakaian yang dipakai oleh individu lain.

5. Ada juga segelintir yang ditahan diberitahu bahawa mereka ditahan kerana sebagai saksi. Ini dengan jelas adalah penahanan tidak sah kerana mengapa saksi ditahan polis.

6. Kami juga difahamkan bahawa salah seorang yang ditahan kemudian telah dibawa untuk dibuat liputan temuramah untuk pihak TV3 walaupun pada masa tersebut beliau masih ditahan. Tindakan ini amat serius kerana sebelum pun siasatan dijalankan, pihak polis telah mengambil langkah memberi laluan kepada media tertentu untuk mendapat access kepada orang tahanan. Seorang tahanan yang dibawa pada masa tahanan untuk memberi temuramah TV merupakan satu tindakan yang melanggar prosedur dan adalah salahguna kuasa polis.

Kami berharap satu siasatan dibuat kerana kami berpendapat wujud salahguna kuasa polis dan pencabulan hak asasi manusia. Kami kecewa kerana kita melangkah ke tahun baru 2006 dengan imej polis terus tercemar jika isu-isu ini tidak ditangani.

Sekian Terima Kasih dengan harapan tindakan dan siasatan dikendalikan oleh pihak yang berkecuali.

Yang Benar,

S.Arutchelvan
Penyelaras

Sk – Suruhanjaya Hak Asasi Manusia (SUHAKAM)

Dan yang ni pulak surat dari Pesatuan Kebangsaan Hak Asasi Manusia (HAKAM) untuk kes yang sama

Persatuan Kebangsaan Hak Asasi Manusia
(National Human Rights Society)
10th Floor, Wisma Harwant, Jalan Tuanku Abdul Rahman, 50100 Kuala Lumpur

(Tel / Fax) 60-3-2693 8828

www.hakam.org | hakam@hakam.org

Tan Sri Mohd Bakri Omar

Inspector General of Police
Ibu Pejabat Polis DiRaja Malaysia
Bukit Aman

50560 Kuala Lumpur

01 January 2006

(Via Mail and Fax)

Dear Sir,

RE : Arrests of 380 persons by Brickfields Police Station on 01 January 2006

It is with grave concern that we write with reference to the mass police raid conducted by the Brickfields Police Station on 01 January 2006 at (1) an entertainment venue, i.e. Paul’s Place off Old Klang Road and (2) a roadside eatery situated along the street where Paul’s Place is situated.

Unprofessional and evasive police conduct

Upon speaking to a detainee at the Brickfields Police Station, I called the Brickfields police station twice (2) only to have the phone put down on me.

Regarding the first call, I had asked for the Investigating Officer (IO). My phonecall was transferred to an officer who refused to say anything regarding the reasons for the arrests or to state his name, afterwhich he put the phone down.

Regarding the second call, I was once again asked for the IO and was transferred to the Bilik Gerakan instead who claimed they knew nothing about the raid. They said they would transfer my call to the Criminal Division. My phone call was cut off instead.

I am most concern that a major police station of Kuala Lumpur treats enquiries from the public in this offensive manner, and officers in this said station does not comprehend what is an Investigating Officer is, and feigns ignorance regarding a major raid it has conducted when it is visually evident there were 380 persons sitting inside their compound.

Reasons for arrests and unrelated police investigation procedures

The details that we received, informed by the police to persons detained and journalists, regarding the reasons of arrests are varied and arbitrary. They are as follows :-

i) That they were in a gathering of more than 5 persons, thus they were in an alleged ‘illegal’ gathering ;

ii) That they were in an alleged ‘Black Metal’ music concert;

iii) That they were allegedly dressed indecently ;

iv) That the place allegedly had no permit to allow for entertainment ;

v) That they were allegedly drinking.

We urge clarity on the above points, and ask that your office gives consideration to the following questions :-

a) Have there been new laws passed recently that disallow 5 or more persons to eat and drink at a foodstall ; or to be at a private music gig ? Is it standard operating procedure for those arrested for alleged illegal gathering to undergo urine tests ?

b) Which laws of the Federation criminalise particular genre of music ? Is it now standard operating procedure to subject those arrested at music concerts to urine tests ?

c) Which laws of the Federation criminalise wearing black t-shirts, black pants/shorts and tank-tops ? Is it standard operating procedure to test those who are found wearing these allegedly indecent articles of clothing to urine tests ?

d) If the venue allegedly lacked an entertainment license, why did the police arrest all patrons found in the venue and those who were having food and drinks at the street stall ? Is it now standard operating procedure to conduct urine tests on those found in these places ?

e) Under which section of what law disallows drinking of alcohol, standing or sitting in an enclosed static venue, and is it now police practice to arrest those allegedly found to be drinking and subject them to urine tests ?

Classification as arbitrary detention

It is disconcerting to find that ultimately the police raid at Paul’s Place and the street eatery is another incident of « Arrest First, Question Later ».

Further, one lawyer was informed that she was arrested to (i) provide a Special Branch with a statement. After she refused, she was informed that she was arrested to (ii) facilitate a 112 (witness) statement. This is a clear indication of abuse of police procedures and powers.

There are laws in place that forbid arrest and detention of a person without just cause and the arrests of the new year falls more unfortunately under the classification of arbitrary detention.

We look forward to a comprehensive explanation from your office, and we urge an expeditious investigation into the conduct of ALL officers involved in conducting the police raid, in particular that of the Officer-In-Charge of Police District (Brickfields).

Thank you.

Yours sincerely,

Elizabeth Wong

Secretary-General

National Human Rights Society

cc.
– National Human Rights Commission

– United Nations Commission on Human Rights Working Group on Arbitrary Detention

– Suara Rakyat Malaysia

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